Medically reviewed by Dr. Rabeya Afroz Shomi
What is Abortion?
When a pregnancy is deliberately eliminated at an early stage it's known an abortion. once in a while an abortion may take pace by itself, that is, naturally. during this case, it's called a miscarriage, also referred to as miscarriage . Abortion may be a sort of service offered to women who don't want to travel ahead with their pregnancy. during this case, they'll end their pregnancy either through medication or surgery. If you think that you're pregnant or have confirmed your pregnancy through a home test, confirm to consult a doctor immediately. If you would like to eliminate the pregnancy, it's best to try to to it during the first stages of pregnancy. Thus, confirm to debate all of your options with a doctor. Early termination of pregnancy also reduces the risks involved. Terminating a pregnancy may be a big decision and one that's very difficult to form . Thus, it should be carefully considered. within the case of any sort of confusion, counselling could also be opted for. One can either speak to their doctor about the implications of an abortion or discuss it with an in depth loved one or friend. Only after serious thought should an abortion be considered.
What Are the kinds of Abortion Procedures?
These are the kinds of abortion procedure: Early non-surgical abortion (medical): Time 2-10 weeks of pregnancy. Vacuum aspiration: Time 2-12 weeks of pregnancy. Dilation and Evacuation: Time 13-21/22 weeks of pregnancy. Labor induction: Time 13-21/22 weeks of pregnancy. Dilation and Extraction: Time 13-21/22 weeks of pregnancy. Labor induction: Time 22 to 38 weeks of pregnancy. Hysterotomy (similar to C-section): Time 22 to 38 weeks of pregnancy.
How is Abortion done?
Here is that the process of abortion and the way it's done: Early non-surgical abortion: This abortion is performed within the 2-10 weeks of pregnancy and is predicated on the medical process. during this process, the drug is prescribed so on stop the method of pregnancy. With the consumption of this drug, there could also be crampings, bleeding or pelvic pain, clotting and sometimes women pass the unborn child within a couple of hours. Vacuum aspiration: This abortion is performed in 2-12 weeks of pregnancy. during this near or within the cervix local anaesthetic is injected thus helping in stretching over of the cervix to insert a tube into it. After this, the unborn child and therefore the placenta is suctioned out through the tube. Though the method gets completed here but sometimes after this procedure the walls of the uterus are scraped to form sure that the unborn child and placenta are washed out. Dilation and evacuation: This process is performed within the 13-21/22 weeks of pregnancy. In this, a sponge-like material is placed within the cervix of the lady thus helping to open the cervix slowly. She is given medication so as to cure the pain and stop infection. The mother and therefore the child is given general anaesthesia . After which with the assistance of vacuum aspiration and forceps the unborn child and placenta are faraway from the womb. At time dismembering the kid is important . Labor induction: This is performed in 13-21/22 weeks of pregnancy. During this process, you'll require to travel to the hospital and therefore the mother is given drugs so as to terminate the pregnancy thus beginning the labor which usually starts in 2-4 hours. during this procedure, the placenta can't be removed completely during the labor and therefore the cervix is kept open for the doctor to perform vacuum aspiration . Dilation and extraction: This is performed within the 13-21/22 weeks of pregnancy. This abortion is additionally called partial-birth abortion and this is often illegal until used for saving the lifetime of the mother. This abortion is performed within the hospital only as this needs full clinical support. After 16 weeks it can only be performed rarely. during this process, by holding the foot of the unborn child it's delivered or taken out apart from the top . The skull is later suctioned out and therefore the head collapse, thus a dead child is delivered. Labor induction: This is performed in 13-21/22 weeks of pregnancy. During this process, you'll require to travel to the hospital and therefore the mother is given drugs so as to terminate the pregnancy thus beginning the labor which usually starts in 2-4 hours. during this procedure, the placenta can't be removed completely during the labor and therefore the cervix is kept open for the doctor to perform vacuum aspiration . But during this abortion, it's possible that the kid is delivered alive and if this happnes then the baby are going to be taken care of by the doctors. Hysterotomy (similar to C-section): This is performed within the 22-38 weeks of pregnancy and wishes clinical setting. Mostly it's done when there are not any possibilities left or labor induction or it's failed. during this process the unborn child is removed by cutting the abdomen and uterus and after the removal, the unborn child is killed.
How late are you able to have an abortion?
The time for the abortion mostly is that the first 3 months of pregnancy and it's the safest time. In rare cases, abortion is completed within the trimester that's within the 4-6 months of pregnancy. within the trimester abortion is never done because it not safe and is merely done at the time of emergency or life-threatening reasons. Therefore one must choose earlier options because it is safe and cheaper.
How to get a secure abortion?
To get a secure abortion the primary trimester that's the primary 3 months are the safest time because at this point drugs are often used for getting an abortion done and these drugs generally don't have side effects. suction curettage procedures also can be used which also are safe. After the primary trimester, it's tough to urge a secure abortion and one shouldn't go if it unless there's an emergency.
Are there any side effects?
While both the medical and surgical abortion procedures are quite safe, every procedure and treatment do involve some risks. Abortion risks include- Development of infection within the womb. Excessive bleeding may result after termination The cervix could also be damaged The womb could also be damaged Abortion is safest if it's done at the earliest. within the case of any complications, a doctor should be consulted immediately and relevant treatment should be opted for. choosing an abortion doesn't reduce the prospect of a future pregnancy. What are the post-treatment guidelines? Post the abortion complete recovery is vital . the rules are - Have sex only 2 weeks after post the procedure to avoid the onset of an infection. Take a bioassay to verify if the procedure has been a hit . The test should be taken about 4 weeks post the procedure. Contraception should be used immediately after the procedure. Wait each day post the treatment then take a shower , primarily because you'll still be a touch dizzy and weak from the drugs that was given to you for the procedure. Tampons should be used only 4 weeks post the procedure.
How long does it fancy recover?
The abortion procedure takes about two days to finish and therefore the recovery period may take about 2 weeks counting on complications.
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
Yes, the results of the treatment are permanent.
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
An alternative way of abortion includes the utilization of herbs to trigger a miscarriage. this is often referred to as herbal abortion. Although not entirely an alternate to abortion, having the baby and giving it up for adoption can also be considered.