Medically reviewed by Dr. Rabeya Afroz Shomi
What are Sports Injuries?
A sports injury is any injury associated with the sports activity which will occur while exercising or playing or working on the bottom or court which involves the system including the muscles, bones and cartilage. Sports injury are some things every one , involved in some quite hard physical activities from a mean gym-goer to the intense athlete, may experience at some point of your time . Accidents, bad form, an less or in sufficient warm-up or from performing exercises beyond your current level of strength or fitness are commonly referred to as the most causes for sports injuries.
What are the foremost common sorts of sports injuries?
Although there are numerous sports injuries which have come up in various forms over the past few years, just some of them are commonest injuries that anyone can experience in casual time.
Muscle Sprains and Strains
Usually a trauma like a fall or blow to the body that knocks a joint out of its position usually results in a Sprain. A sprain may be a stretch or tear of a ligament, the band of connective tissues that joins the top of 1 bone with another. Ankles, Knees and wrists are the foremost vulnerable and sprain-prone areas of the physical body .
A person may suffer a strain, in case, his/her muscle or tendon, a cord of tissue which connects muscle to bone, suffers a twist, stretch, or tear. Strains are acute, non-contact injuries that are led by overstretching or over-contraction. Pain, spasm , loss of strength are the foremost common symptoms which are experienced during a Strain.
As Knee within the physical body features a complex structure, and is additionally the foremost crucial part within the weight-bearing capacity of a person's , it comes into the category of most ordinarily injured joint. Injuries to the knee are often from less severe to serious.
Runner's knee during which pain or tenderness could also be felt around or under the knee cap, Iliotibial band syndrome that causes pain on the outer side of the knee, and Tendinitis or Tendinosis is caused by degeneration within a tendon, usually where it joins the bone, are are a number of the less critical but still painful knee problems.
Bone bruises or damage to the cartilage or ligaments are kept within the category of most crucial injuries. Generally, the cartilage within the knee are often of two types. First, a crescent-shaped disc called meniscus which absorbs shock between the thigh and lower leg bones. While the surface-coating cartilage is that the second sort of cartilage.
Dislocation of Joints
The dislocation of a joint is kept into the category of an emergency situation that needs immediate medical treatment. a number of the hand joints are the foremost likely to be dislocated a part of the physical body and therefore the shoulder joints are most often dislocated part for that matter. Still, there are some uncommon a part of the physical body that have the smallest amount chances of being dislocated that are knees, hips, and elbow.
Traumatic Brain Injury
An immediate or unusual physical assault on the top may cause damage to the brain which in medical terms called Traumatic brain injury. A closed injury to the top may end in case the top forcefully hits an object, but the thing doesn't break through the skull.
Spinal Cord Injury
When the cells within the medulla spinalis suffer damage caused by a traumatic event, it's called medulla spinalis injury.
What are the causes of sport injuries?
Suffering an injury are some things quite common for a sportsperson, as sports are unpredictable and anything can happen on the bottom or court or field. as an example , Even an athlete, sometimes, gets injured thanks to something completely unforeseen. There are variety of circumstances during which an individual may suffer a sports injury but those numbers are absolutely not limited.
Lack of nutrients
Previous injury Change in climate
Change in or poor equipment
Weakened muscles, bones, tendons, or ligaments
Increase in activity or mileage
Change in playing surface.
What sports injuries can cause death?
Though sports injuries rarely contribute to fatalities, the traumatic brain injury may be a sports-related injury which can cause the death. Traumatic brain injury may be a major explanation for death and disability in various countries within the world. A sportsperson who survives a TBI may face effects that last a couple of days or the remainder of their lives. Effects of TBI can include impaired thinking or memory, movement, sensation, or emotional functioning and even, death. These issues might not only cause death but also repeatedly can have lasting effects on the related person, families and communities.
How are the Sports Injuries treated?
A systematic and proper treatment is most vital after one suffers an sports injury. There are some general treatments which will be helpful to treat injuries caused by sports.
PRICE therapy: PRICE therapy are often helpful to treat some minor injuries, like mild sprains and strains, for the initial treatment reception by using for 2 or three days. PRICE stands for cover , rest, ice, compression and elevation.
Pain relief: In pain relief treatment, an individual may take some common medicines with doctors or physician’s prescription like Painkillers, like paracetamol, to assist ease the pain, Ibuprofen and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs tablets or creams to ease pain and reduce any swelling.
Immobilisation: Immobilisation helps to stop further damage by reducing movement. it's going to also reduce pain, muscle swelling and spasm .
Physiotherapy: Physiotherapy may be a specialist treatment during which techniques like massage, manipulation and exercises are wont to improve range of motion, strengthen the encompassing muscles, and return the traditional function of the injured area. Physiotherapy helps an individual recovering from a long-term injury.
Surgery and procedures: most crucial injuries like severely broken bones may require corrective treatment. This includes a manipulation or surgery to repair the bones with wires, plates, screws or rods.
What Are the ideas to stop Sports Injuries?
There is a standard phrase that Prevention is usually better than cure. Going by this, allow us to first see a number of the important tips that help prevent the sports injuries.
Allow body to recover by taking regular faraway from particular sport
Wearing the acceptable & proper fit protective equipment
Conditioning exercises during practice to strengthen muscles
Stretching exercises after games or practice to extend flexibility
Using the right technique during the playing season
Taking breaks or rest periods during practice and games to scale back injuries & prevent heat illness.
Do not play through pain
Avoid heat illness by drinking many fluids before, during and after exercise or play.