In the case of Type 2 Diabetes, unlike Type 1 Diabetes, the body produces insulin but the body's cells are resistant to it. A balanced diet, weight loss, oral medications, and sometimes insulin can be helpful in treating Type 2 Diabetes. A dangerous and, sometimes, life threatening condition that occurs more frequently in Type 2 Diabetics is the diabetic coma. It happens when blood sugar climbs to very high levels.
A person with Type 1 Diabetes, especially who smokes and have high blood pressure, or is overweight, has a greater risk of developing heart disease and strokes. Gastroparesis is a situation in which the stomach takes too long to empty its contents. In Type 1 Diabetes patients, the vague nerve, which controls the movement of food through the digestive tract, becomes damaged because of regularly-high glucose levels. When this happens the muscles of the stomach and intestines no longer function normally and the movement of food slows or stops completely.