Yoga is defined as collection of mental, spiritual and physical disciplines or practices and it originated in ancient India. There are various sorts of yoga schools, goals and practices in Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Among the various sorts of yoga the foremost well-known ones are the yoga and therefore the Raja Yoga.
However, there's no written account about the inventor of yoga. Long before any written record of yoga came into existence, yoga practitioners wont to practice these physical exercises. Over the years these practices were passed right down to their students by the Yogis, and lots of schools of yoga were developed as this discipline widened globally and gained popularity.
Many ancient Indian religious texts written in Sanskrit, which is that the Indo-European of the Vedas, contains the records of the varied techniques of yoga. The “Yoga Sutra” which may be a 2000 year old treatise on yogic philosophy, given by the Indian sage Patanjali may be a sort of guidebook that gives the techniques on the way to achieve mastery over the mind and emotions and advice on spiritual growth, providing the framework upon which all the yoga that's practised today is predicated . The Yoga Sutra is that the earliest written account of yoga and one among the oldest texts alive .
This type of exercise increases the body’s balance and core strength where various postures go hand in hand with deep breathing. the mixture of those lowers vital sign , improves heart health, increases respiratory rates and controls body’s level of cortisol, a hormone which is produced to combat stress.
These postures which have now become an integral a part of health and fitness in many yoga centres everywhere the word, weren't originally a dominant component of yoga traditions in India. a number of the common practices of yoga include Pranayama, Dharana and nothing.