Medically reviewed by Dr. Rabeya Afroz Shomi
What is Sex Education?
Sex education is an instruction therapy on issues associated with human sexual behaviours, which may include emotional responsibilities and relations, sexual activities, the age of consent, human sexual anatomy, reproductive rights, reproductive age, contraception , sexual activity and also about issues associated with sexual abstinence.
Sex education that encompasses of these aspects as mentioned above, is understood as comprehensive sex education. The common pathways of receiving sex education are caregivers, parents, public health campaigns and formal school programs for the scholars . Adolescent men and ladies in many traditional cultures weren't given any information concerning sexual matters, where discussion on sex was being considered as a taboo.
How Sex Education Started?
However, the progressive movement on human rights and education during the 19th century led to the introduction of social hygiene within the North American school curriculums, which is that the advent of sex education on a worldwide platform. the necessity for sex education was also heightened by the increasing incidence of teenage pregnancies, particularly within the western a part of the planet after the 1960s.
As a neighborhood of the trouble of every country to scale back such pregnancies, extensive programs on sex education were programmed and also introduced, which was initially strongly opposed by parents and also by the religious groups. Later with the AIDS outbreak, which became a worldwide issue, gave a replacement sense of urgency to the present stream of education.
Sex Education Importance:
Sex education is vital because it will encourage good values and belief in a private about sex. it'll also help a toddler to not gather any kind of misconceptions regarding sexual behaviours. One must take under consideration that youngsters are very vulnerable and if no proper education regarding sex is imparted then it's going to cause a rise in teen pregnancies, STDs, miscarriages, abortions and rapes.
Sex education also can reveal concepts like identity , relationships, intimacy, marriage, family and body images to a young mind. Thus, it's necessary to incorporate sex education within the curriculum. Another vital topic that ought to be discussed under sex education is sexual health and private hygiene.
Why Is Sex Education Important At the proper Age?
Sex remains considered taboo in India, but nobody can deny this incontrovertible fact that it's a physical need for the physical body . Hence, sex education may be a necessity because it can actually change the lifetime of people and therefore the mindset of society. Sex education helps in exploring beliefs associated with sex also because it enables a private to manages his/her own sexual health and relationships.Q2
It is important to supply sex education at the proper age that covers a good range of topics like identity , sexual health, hygiene, contraception , sexually transmitted infections, body image, deciding , etc. Sex education should start probably during childhood when a toddler starts questioning his/her own body.
Sex education aims:
It aims to offer a transparent picture of sexual health and hygiene by sharing information associated with sexual behavior, intimacy, prevention of disease, pregnancy and protection. Sexual health doesn't just mean that an individual isn't affected by any disease but it's a state of being physically, emotionally, mentally, and socially healthy in terms of sexuality.
Sex education comes with an objective to supply most of the knowledge about sex during adolescence since at this age, a private experiences a change in their body, psychology and their behavior. Thus, the main goal of sex education is to assist young minds understand sexuality in order that they will make healthy decisions through their lives.
Sex education is vital for quite few reasons such as:
Teenagers should know the changes that might happen in their body physically, at the time of adolescence. this is often only possible by imparting sex education.
Not just girls but even boys should know the concept of menstruation in order that both genders can easily accept this as a phenomenon that takes place during a girl’s body. Moreover, they ought to even have knowledge about sanitary pads and tampons.
Sex education is required to form awareness about pregnancies, Sexual Transmitted Disease (STD) and Human Immuno Virus (HIV) in order that youth can become skilled and have a far better deciding in reference to sex.
Girls and boys should realize contraceptives and sexual activity .
It is also important to show them about rapes, assault, consent and sexual assault .
Sex education in schools:
Sex education in schools should include topics like reproduction, sexually transmitted diseases, sexual orientation, HIV/AIDS, abstinence, contraception, pregnancy, abortion and adoption. it's introduced to children in grades 7 to 12, although a number of these topics can even be taught to students of grade 4. Various laws are imposed on how sex education should be taught.
In most of the regions in India, schools invite parent’s consent about their child’s participation in classes held for sex education. the first focus of sex education in schools is to form the kid aware of teen pregnancy and sexual health issues like STDs. Research suggests that the majority of the families support the thought of imparting sex education in schools to their child.
Sex education for parents:
Parents don't feel comfortable talking about sex with their children. Answering their kid’s query regarding sex makes them extremely awkward, however, this subject shouldn't be avoided. Parents are liable for developing healthy feelings about physical changes in their child. it's important to inform your child how their bodies will change as they mature. Topics like erection, puberty, menstruation and masturbation should be discussed together with your child.
Parents should be confident while talking about sexual desires, behaviors and orientations with their child. If such topics are discussed with none hesitation, it's going to help a toddler to require responsible and healthy decisions when he/she grows up. Parents should also teach their kids about pregnancies, sexually transmitted diseases and contraception methods.
Sex education for youth:
Young minds need sex education in order that they will make more informed decisions in life. they ought to not be just taught about the biological aspects of sex but the private , emotional, cultural and social aspects attached thereto . If youth have a far better understanding of of these aspects, then they will take responsible actions and have control over their desires.
Sexuality is an important trait of private identity. Youth must know that it's better to delay sex unless they're older to know intimacy instead of pleasure. they ought to be familiar that getting physically involved multiple partners increases the danger of sexually transmitted diseases. Sexual health is another section that ought to be focussed while considering sex education for youth.
Sex education information:
Sex education enables an individual to collect information and motivation required for taking an informed and better decisions in terms of sexuality. The teaching and learning about topics associated with sex helps in managing one’s sexual health and relationships. Sex education generally , provides information about human development which incorporates reproduction, puberty and identity .
It also exposes us to topics like sexual behaviour, abstinence, sexual health,STDs, contraception, pregnancy, gender roles and other related key concepts like human sexual anatomy, age of consent, reproductive rights, safe sex, contraception and abstinence. By teaching youth and youngsters about sex, we will make them an aware individual who can handle their emotional relations and responsibilities during a healthy way. One major controversy within the realm of sex education is whether or not sex education should also involve LGBT and their rights are often included into the varsity curriculums. LGBT sex education involves sexual activity practices among gay, lesbians and transsexual persons and general information on homosexuality.
However, it's an unfortunate story, that only 20% of the LGBT students have heard anything positive about their LGBT community, then it seems that LGBT students are more likely to listen to something positive about LGBT people from social studies and history classes instead of from sex educators as of date.