Chickenpox is caused by an epidemic called varicella zoster. Infection occurs after coming in touch with an infected person. it's the foremost infectious diseases. This virus is contagious to those around you for one or two days before your blisters appear. Varicella zoster viruses are contagious until all blisters get crusted.
Itchy, red rash is that the classic sign of chickenpox: extremely itchy, blistery red rash that typically starts on the face and trunk spreading to the remainder of the body, progressing from red bumps to fluid-filled blisters to scabs. Other symptoms are fever, headache and fatigue.
It is highly contagious: spreads easily through the air when an individual with the virus sneezes or coughs. also can spread by touching the fluid from the blisters. An infected person is contagious from 1 to 2 days before he gets the rash all his blisters have formed scabs. Once exposed, it takes between 10 to 21 days to develop chickenpox.
It is usually mild but are often very serious: Mostly mild but in some cases, it can cause serious complications like dehydration, pneumonia, bleeding, encephalitis, bacterial skin infections, toxic shock syndrome syndrome and bone and joint infections. Certain groups, including infants, teens, adults, pregnant women, and other people with weakened immune systems thanks to illness or medications are at higher risk of complications.
Vaccine is your best defence against the defence: the ‘’total efficacy’’ rate is between 80 to 85 percent and in virtually one hundred pc of cases it'll prevent serious illness in otherwise healthy individuals. For the simplest protection, children (and adults) need two doses of the vaccine.
You can usually manage your child’s symptoms at home: Acetaminophen relieves fever, Oatmeal baths and lotion can help lessen the itchiness, and Acyclovir can reduce the symptoms but is typically given in certain circumstances.
Once someone has chickenpox, he probably won't catch on again-but he could get a related disease called Shingles: After chickenpox, the varicella zoster virus that causes it remains within the body in an inactive state. The virus reactivates years later, causing Shingles. the danger increases with age. Shingles vaccine is suggested for age 60 or older.