A person affected by jaundice may even see changes within the complexion . the color of the skin and eyes will vary counting on the extent of bilirubin. Moderate levels cause a yellow colour, while very high levels will appear brown. One can also have dark urine and itchiness, pale stools. Accompanying symptoms include:
Abdominal pain and a few may have pain in upper abdomen thanks to inflammation of liver.
Vomiting and nausea
The itchiness thanks to jaundice is usually so severe that patients scratch their own skin or experience insomnia.
The correct diagnosis requires examinations and lab tests. Diagnosis includes history and physical exam and an in depth attention to the abdomen, feeling for tumours and checking the firmness of the liver. A firm liver indicates cirrhosis, or scarring of the liver. A rock-hard liver suggests cancer. Several tests can confirm jaundice. First may be a liver function test to seek out out whether liver is functioning well or not.
Other supporting tests needed for diagnosis are:
Bilirubin tests - A high level of unconjugated bilirubin compared to levels of conjugated bilirubin suggest hemolytic jaundice.
Full blood count - This measures levels of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets.
Hepatitis A, B and C tests - This test for a variety of liver infections.
The doctor will examine the structure of the liver if they think an obstruction. In these cases, they're going to use imaging tests, including MRI, CT and ultrasound procedures. they'll also perform an Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. this is often a procedure combining endoscopy and X-ray imaging. Liver biopsy can check for inflammation, cirrhosis, cancer, and liver disease .