Medically reviewed by Dr. Rabeya Afroz Shomi
What is liver Cirrhosis?
Cirrhosis may be a medical condition where the healthy tissue of the liver is replaced by scar tissues. This makes it difficult for the liver to function properly. The connective tissue slows down the processing of natural toxins, drugs, hormones and nutrients. this happens thanks to the blockage of the flow of blood through the liver. It also can hamper the manufacturing of proteins made by the liver. It can even cause death if not treated on time.
What are the four stages of liver cirrhosis?
Cirrhosis is now a late phase of liver harm. within the beginning periods, there'll be irritation of the liver. On the off chance that the aggravation isn't addressed , it'll prompt scarring. are often "> this is often the possible stage where the condition can be well treated.
Stage 1: during this stage. Some scarring are going to be there within the liver with few symptoms. it's called Compensated Cirrhosis where there'll not be any complication.
Stage 2: At this stage, the condition includes a worsened malignant hypertension and varices development.
Stage 3: Here, the cirrhosis involves within the development of abdominal swelling and advanced liver scarring. It marks decompensated cirrhosis with intense intricacies alongside conceivable liver disappointment.
Stage 4: this is often a life-threatening condition and during this stage, people may develop with end-stage disease . it's a fatal condition and wishes a liver transplant.
What are the primary signs of liver cirrhosis ?
Cirrhosis may be a complexity of various liver ailments wherein loss of liver cells and irreversible scarring of the liver will happen. albeit there are many causes for liver cirrhosis, alcohol overuse and hepatitis B and C are the most explanation for this condition. Cirrhosis doesn't show any signs until the liver damage is extensive.
The first signs of liver cirrhosis are weight loss, itchy skin, nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, bruising and bleeding, yellow discoloration within the eye and skin (jaundice), ascites, spiderlike blood vessels on the skin, absence or loss of periods regardless of menopause in women, sexual libido, testicular atrophy, and gynecomastia in men, drowsiness, slurred speech.
What causes liver Cirrhosis?
Liver Cirrhosis is most ordinarily caused thanks to alcoholic abuse , liver disease and hepatitis C . Other causes of Cirrhosis within the liver include:
Fatty liver which is related to diabetes and obesity.
Acute viral infections of the liver like hepatitis D, B and C. this is often somewhat rare.
Blockage of the bile which transfers bile to the intestines. Bile is usually formed within the liver and it helps in digesting food. Blockage of the common bile duct also can be caused thanks to bilary atresia. during this condition, the bile ducts are damaged or absent which causes the bile to remain within the liver. This condition usually affects babies.
Continuous bouts of coronary failure causing fluid to create up within the liver.
Diseases like CF , glycogen storage disease (inability of the body to process glycogen into sugar), alpha 1 antitrypsin deficiency (absence of a particular enzyme within the liver).
Diseases and disorders which are caused by hemochromatosis (excessive iron content is deposited within the liver and other vital organs), Wilson’s disease (unusual storage of copper inside the liver) and abnormal liver functioning.
Rare factors like parasitic infections, exposure to environmental toxins and reaction to certain prescribed drugs also can contribute to Cirrhosis.
How is Cirrhosis diagnosed?
Physical exam- The doctor usually performs a physical exam to ascertain how large your liver is and observes how your liver feels. A liver suffering from Cirrhosis might feel irregular and bumpy rather than smooth.
CT scan and ultrasound- Tests like ultrasound, computed tomography (CT scan) and radioisotope scan is performed to research Cirrhosis.
Biopsy- During a biopsy, a tissue from the liver is taken and tested for diagnosing Cirrhosis of the liver.
Surgery- this is often usually performed in severe cases, a laparoscope is inserted through an incision inside the abdomen. After the doctor gets a whole view of the liver he performs the surgery.
What is the simplest treatment for liver cirrhosis?
In spite of the very fact that there's no solution for cirrhosis, the medicines can defer its encouraging and reduction of the liver cell harm during this manner diminish inconveniences.
If the cirrhosis caused by alcoholic abuse , the person should refrain from drinking alcohol
If autoimmune disorder is that the explanation for cirrhosis, then the patient are going to be recommended for the right treatment for cirrhosis and for the underlying disease.
Medications may help to regulate the cirrhosis symptoms.
Fluid retention and ascites are well treated by decreasing the salt content within the diet. Diuretics are prescribed to get rid of excess fluid and stop edema from the relapse.
Cirrhosis confusion state are often improved with the assistance of diet and drug therapies. Say, for instance , laxatives like lactulose could also be given for toxins absorption.
Severe liver cirrhosis people may have to possess a liver transplant.
Foods to avoid with liver cirrhosis:
Foods to avoid with cirrhosis are:
Alcohol may be a key explanation for liver disease diseases and other liver diseases. So, alcohol intake should be avoided.
Added sugar foods like sodas, cookies, candy, fruit juices, increase high blood glucose that successively increases the fat buildup within the liver.
Fried foods contain a high amount of calories and fat which need to be avoided
Red meats are high in saturated fat which isn't healthy for the liver
Intake of excess salt makes your body retain excess water. it's advised to consume sodium but 1500 mg per day
Instant oatmeal or cereal , refined white flour bread, pasta, and polished rice
Full-fat dairy products, Cheese slices, and spreads
Frozen meals and snacks, buttermilk.
What are the house remedies for liver cirrhosis?
Drink the concoction of a cup of water with one tablespoon of apple vinegar , and one tablespoon of honey to ascertain the simplest results.
Milk thistle contains silymarin which is active anti-oxidants to decrease the damage of liver cells caused by liver cirrhosis. Crush alittle amount of milk thistle seeds and boil them in clean water until the milk thistle essence is extracted into the water. Once it's come right down to hand-hot, drink this extraction to stay your liver healthy and stop it from further damage.
Spinach is an abundant source of irons. Carrots are rich in beta-carotene. Wash two carrots and a substantial amount of spinach leaves. Grind them into a fine paste. Strain them until the juice collects and drink it to achieve relief from the cirrhosis symptoms.
Consume two tablespoons of juice regularly by adding two spoons of juice . Take it 3-4 times each day to ascertain the development.