Osteoarthritis usually occurs when the cartilage (a slippery and firm tissue that allows frictionless joint motion) which cushions the bones inside your joints start deteriorating. The surface beneath the cartilage starts becoming rough. If the cartilage is damaged completely, the bones can be rubbing together without a protective barrier in between. This can cause immense pain and discomfort.
Risk factors which can make you susceptible in developing Osteoarthritis:
Old age- When you start aging, your bones tend to grow weaker. This can cause Osteoarthritis.
- Sex- Studies state that women are more prone in developing Osteoarthritis.
- Obesity- Extra body weight can add more pressure and stress on the joints of your body, which can make the cartilage on your knees, hips and joints prone to more friction. Fat tissues also produce proteins which can cause chronic inflammation on your joints leading to Osteoarthritis.
- Joint injuries- Injuries which occur while playing sports or from a fatal accident can increase your chances of developing Osteoarthritis. Injuries that have occurred several years ago can also make you develop Osteoarthritis in the future.
- Some occupations- Certain jobs include tasks which put continuous stress on a particular joint. This region can easily get affected by Osteoarthritis.
- Genetics- If one or both parents have Osteoarthritis, the child is also prone in developing Osteoarthritis.
- Bone deformities- People who are born with a defective cartilage or malformed joint are more susceptible in developing Osteoarthritis.