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Osteoporosis - Symptom, Treatment And Causes


Whta is Osteopororsis?

Osteoporosis may be a medical condition which makes the bones brittle and weak. The bone gets so brittle that even mild stress like falling, coughing and bending can cause a severe fracture. The fractures usually occur on the spine, wrist and hip. The bones in our body are constantly broken and replaced. But during this case, the bone fails to urge replaced after breaking down. It affects both women and men, but Asian and white women, especially those that have passed their menopause are at a better risk. Weight-bearing exercises, healthy diet and medications can strengthen weak bones and avoid bone loss. What are the symptoms and signs of osteoporosis? Osteoporosis symptoms: There are not any warning signs at the first stages and no conditions shown until there's a fracture. But if there's a case history regarding this issue then you want to ask your doctor and take the required precautions. If there are any symptoms, then the treatment must be taken on time. As without treating the disease properly, it can become severe by making the bones thinner and weaker thus increasing the fracture risks. At times there are often a number of the symptoms like Weak grip strength, brittle and weak nails, receding gums. And severe symptoms can include back pain, neck pain and there are often lost within the height. The bones become so weak and fragile that they will break thanks to strong sneeze.

What are the causes of osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis causes: Age: it's one among the most important factors. In our whole life the bones in our body break down and new bones continue to grow . But once you reach the age of 30 the bones start breaking down faster instead of growing back, which results in bones to be more fragile and that they susceptible to breaking more. Menopause: this is often the condition which occurs in female at the age of 40-45 and thanks to the change within the hormonal level the bones start to lose from the body. Males also continue losing bones at this age but slowly than females. Hypothyroidism: It also can be one among the explanations for it. Medical condition or medication: Medicines like prednisone or cortisone also are liable for it.

What are the results of osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis can have severe life-threatening factors as during the disease the bones become weak and fragile causing fracture as there's a loss within the mass of the bones. this might also cause long-time chronic pain and disability throughout life. If it becomes severe then it's going to even cause death. Thus, the most goal of the person must be to urge bone strength back and preventing fractures by having proper treatment. But in most of the cases, the disease has a significant threat to life it remains un-diagnosed and untreated.

What factors determine bone strength?

Factors determine bone strength: Genetic factors: These factors are important for determining any person’s bone strength. Calcium: the extent of calcium within the body must be proper for because it is required to urge optimal bone health. Vitamin D: it's important and good for bones because it helps within the absorption of calcium. Physical activities: It helps in increasing and preserving the mass of the bone and also reduces the danger of breaking bones. Maintaining body weight: the load of the body must be accurate because if the person is underweight then bones become more fragile and weak. Reproductive issues: If there are problems at the time of pregnancy or menopause then there are often issues regarding it. Smoking: It tends to scale back the mass of the bones and also increases the danger of fractures and there are often a spread of diseases. If an individual features a habit of alcohol then it must be stopped as this also reduces bone mass.

Who should have bone density testing?

Osteoporosis diagnosis: Women who are above the age of 65 and men who are above the age of 40 must choose bone density testing. If there are risk factors in younger men and ladies aged 59-60 should take it seriously and choose the treatment

What is the treatment for osteoporosis?

The treatment is predicated on what proportion risk is there of bone-breaking in next 10 years and this information is gathered by doing the bone density test. The tests and treatment must be wiped out correct time else the danger is high and bones start to fall and loss. Which increases the probabilities of curing osteoporosis. Osteoporosis treatment: Bisphosphonates: At a particular age, both men and ladies become susceptible to osteoporosis and therefore the risk of fractures increase then for Bisphosphonate they prescribe medicine like Alendronate(Binosto, Fosamax), Risedronate(Actonel, Atelvia) Ibandronate(Boniva), Zoledronic acid (Reclast, Zometa) Monoclonal antibody medication: Denosumab (Prolia, Xgeva) show better or similar bone density as compared to bisphosphonate leading to reducing the prospect of all kinds of fracture. Hormone-related therapy: When estrogen starts releasing soon after the menopause it helps in maintaining the density of bones. But estrogen therapy increases the danger of carcinoma , endometrial carcinoma , blood clots, and there also can be the likelihood of heart diseases. Therefore the utilization of estrogen must be done on the younger ladies for increasing the bone health or in women who require treatment for menopausal symptoms. Replacement therapy: In males when the extent of testosterone decreases with age then the danger of osteoporosis increases. Replacement therapy are often done to enhance the extent of testosterone within the body. Bone building medications: Medicine which increases the load of the bones also can tend to the patient if the treatment doesn't work properly then the doctor recommend these medicines: Teriparatide (Forteo), Abaloparatide(Tymlos), Romosozumab(Evenity).

What are the danger factors of Osteoporosis?

Risk factors of osteoporosis: Age: consistent with studies, the older you're , the more prone you become in developing it. Race: Being of Asian or white ancestry can put you at a greater risk of developing it. Family history: Having a sibling or a parent with Osteoporosis can cause you to more vulnerable to developing it. Body frame: Women and men who have small body frames usually tend to develop at a young age because their bone mass is extremely less as compared to people with an enormous body frame. Sex hormones: Low sex hormones weaken the bones. Also, fewer estrogen levels in women during menopause is that the commonest risk factor for developing it. The treatments used for prostatic adenocarcinoma can reduce estrogen and testosterone levels in men which may cause bone loss density. Thyroid problems: tons of hormone can cause bone loss. If you've got an overactive thyroid, taking hormone medications to treat the thyroid can develop it. Other glands: Osteoporosis also can be caused thanks to adrenal glands or overactive parathyroid. Low calcium intake: Lack of calcium plays a serious role in it. Low calcium consumption contributes to increased risk of fractures, the first loss of bones and low bone density. Eating disorders: Restricting the consumption of food can severely weaken the bones in both women and men. people that have anorexia are more susceptible to developing this issue. Gastrointestinal surgery: Surgery which reduces the dimensions of your stomach or surgery to get rid of parts of the intestine can limit the extent of the world available to soak up nutrients like calcium. Steroids: Sometimes certain medications and steroids wont to treat seizures, gastric reflux, cancer and transplant rejection also can contribute to developing it.

Can osteoporosis be prevented?

Osteoporosis prevention: There are many factors which help in preventing osteoporosis for various age groups: Childhood to adolescence: There must be an adequate amount of calcium intake Avoiding malnutrition and under nutrition The body must get an adequate amount of vitamin D Doing physical activities Adulthood: An adequate amount of calcium and diet must be taken Heavy drinking must be avoided There shouldn't be smoking and heavy smoking Regular weight-bearing activities must be done Avoid weight-loss diets and eating disorders

What is the simplest diet for osteoporosis?

Foods to avoid in osteoporosis: Beans(Legumes) Meat and other high protein food Salty food Wheat Bran Alcohol, caffeine Soft drinks or carbonated drinks coffee or tea Foods to dine in osteoporosis: Dairy products like cheese, yoghurt, low fat, and nonfat milk Fish like sardines and salmon with bones Fresh fruits and vegetables which include greens , kale, okra, Chinese cabbage, mustard , broccoli, spinach, potatoes, sweet potatoes, oranges, strawberries, papaya, pineapple, bananas, prunes, red and green peppers. Calcium and vitamin D intake must be a part of every diet. What are the house remedies for osteoporosis? Osteoporosis home remedies: Vinegar: It helps in increasing the calcium levels within the bones and helps the bone to become stronger. Tofu: In research, it's found that soy resembles the compound which is required for ladies to take care of the balance of hormones that's estrogen which is useful for increasing the density of bones. Red clover: this is often a sort of herb which possesses certain effects like estrogen and it's shown that ladies who have an intake of purple clover supplement they need good bone density. Stop Smoking: Alterations within the behaviour is additionally important like smoking which is harmful to the body and thanks to this the menopause arrives early in women. Thus, increasing the danger of osteoporosis Not losing an excessive amount of weight: There must not be considerably loss within the weight of the person as for losing weight the person cuts down the diet thus not taking a sufficient amount of vitamins and minerals.


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