Firstly, Post traumatic stress disorder has to be diagnosed by your doctor in order to treat it. Your health professional will perform a physical exam to check any medical problems that can trigger PTSD. This is followed by a psychological evaluation which includes discussion of your symptoms, the doctor might ask you about events which may have triggered traumatic events in your life. After diagnosing Post traumatic stress disorder, your doctor can recommend you EMDR or Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing therapy. This therapy is a psychotherapy approach which has already been extensively researched and is proven to be very effective for treating PTSD. EMDR contains a lot of standard protocols which incorporates elements from various treatment approaches. This treatment option usually combines a series of eye movements along with exposure therapy, so that your traumatic memories and your reaction to those memories also change. EMDR has a different effect on how the brain processes traumatic information.
After a successful session of EMDR, the patient no longer relives feelings, sounds and images when the traumatic event is brought to mind. The memory of the event is still there, but it becomes less upsetting. EMDR is very similar to what happens during REM (rapid eye movement) sleep or dreaming. EMDR is a physiological therapy which helps a person see traumatic material in their life in a much less distressing way that before. There are 8 phases of this treatment namely, treatment planning, preparation, assessment, desensitization, installation, body scan, closure and re-evaluation. EMDR has helped a million people of all age groups to relieve psychological stress.