Medically reviewed by Dr. Rabeya Afroz Shomi
What is the treatment?
Sexually transmitted diseases are infections that are commonly spread by sex, especially vaginal intercourse, anal sex, or head . quite thirty differing types of bacteria, viruses and parasites can cause STI. Sexually transmitted diseases include chlamydia, chancroid, herpes genitalis , genital warts, hepatitis B , HIV (human immunodeficiency) and AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), HPV (human papillomavirus), trichomoniasis, syphilis, gonorrhoea, pelvic disease (PID). a number of these diseases are often treated with antibiotics like azithromycin, cefixime and metronidazole. Treatments can reduce the symptoms and progression of most of those infections.
How is that the treatment done?
Chlamydia and gonorrhoea are often treated with antibiotics. Persons with chlamydia should abstain from sex for seven days after the only dose of antibiotics or until the completion of a seven day course of antibiotics. herpes genitalis can't be cured but are often controlled with medications, HPV can't be cured but are often prevented with vaccines and controlled with medications. Regular screening with a cervical smear Test can prevent or detect most cases of early stage HPV caused cervical cancer. Syphilis are often treated with one injection of antibiotic if recognized during the first stages, usually within one year of infection. If not it couldn't be recognized during early stages, then syphilis may have longer period treatment with antibiotics. Trichomoniasis are often treated with one dose of antibiotics, usually either metronidazole or tinidazole, taken orally . hepatitis B are often treated with antiviral medications and may be prevented with vaccination. Persons who may have a better risk of HIV infection can obtain HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis or PrEP which contains HIV medication referred to as Truvada from their doctors and will take this consistently to stop HIV. AIDS are often prevented in those that are affected by HIV by early initiation of antiretroviral therapy.
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is that the treatment done?)
All STDs don't show symptoms so treatments can sometimes get delayed. But some infections accompany some symptoms. Persons who are affected by symptoms like poor apetite, vomiting, dark urine, yellowing of eyes and skin, small red bumps which become blister like sores on genitals, rear ends, thighs, fingers, abnormal vaginal bleeding, whitish vaginal or penile discharge, painful inter course, burning sensation during urination, frequent urination, painless sore around vagina or penis, heavy greenish discharge with a foul odour, abdominal pain, vaginal itching or burning, warts on the genital and anal area should seek a doctor’s help. there's an opportunity of them getting infected with one among the STDs.
Who isn't eligible for the treatment?
Before starting any treatment it's always recommended to consult a doctor because effectiveness of a treatment depends on the health condition of the patient and therefore the stage of the infection. As most of the medicines have one or the opposite side effects so it's healthy to hunt a doctor’s suggestion whether he/she is eligible for the treatment. Non-eligibility will vary from person to person.
Are there any side effects?
Medicines for the treatment or control of sexually transmitted diseases may cause some side effects like an allergy , have itching, redness and swelling within the skin. Some quite germs may even cause development of cancer. Some viral infections like hepatitis B and HIV can cause serious illness and should end in death. Medications for chlamydia can cause nausea and vomiting, belly pain or cramps, vaginal itching or discharge. After the treatment with antibiotics, patient who was affected by syphilis can experience fever, headaches, joint or muscle pain and nausea and chills. Side effects of HIV medication are- hypersensitivity , anemia, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, neuropathy, rash, insomnia, fatigue, loss of appetite etc. like this many other medications for other STDs may have side effects.
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
Even if the symptoms get away during the treatment patients must continue their course of medication. Doctors will generally prescribe blood tests to make sure that the patients are responding to the medications given. Sex partners must be get tested too if they have . it's suggested to avoid unsafe sex and to use condoms while having sexual activity because the person features a chance of getting re-infected with the disease. for a few infections, it's suggested to urge tested regularly for sexually transmitted diseases.
How long does it fancy recover?
HIV isn't curable but the treatment can prolong a patient’s life. Medications should be continued as per the health condition of the patient. hepatitis B is curable. It doesn't take long to urge treated. herpes genitalis isn't curable. Medications can reduce pain and frequency and lengths of herpes. If the treatment is early it are often effective otherwise it might take an extended time of treatment, chlamydia is curable and requires a while to urge cured, syphilis and gonorrhoea also can be cured and can not require much time. Recovery time depends on the stage of the infection and health condition of the patients and their response to the medications given.
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
Permanency can't be guaranteed in many cases because infections can return or the symptoms or infection might not have disappeared with the treatment. But there are many cases where the curable diseases are effectively cured.
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Amongst many home remedies, Echinacea is very appreciated as this herb is employed to treat many infections including STDs because it boosts system and stimulate hormone secretion within the body, garlic can prevent the risks of STDs as garlics contain antiviral and germ killing power which will effectively purify the entire system,. Yogurt is extremely documented for its natural probiotics which make it ideal for fighting with the infections throughout the body. Probiotics can help within the growth of excellent bacteria within the body. Other herbs which may be proved to be beneficial for STD treatment are- juice which may reduce the pain related to the STDs through its astringent properties, lemon balm, burn plant gel, neem leaves, milk thistle, fruit juice , tea tree oil etc.